[Greek: Chairete, nikômen]°
First I salute this soil of the blessed, river and rock!
Gods of my birthplace, dæmons and heroes, honour to
Then I name thee, claim thee for our patron, co-equal in praise
--Ay, with Zeus° the Defender, with Her° of the ægis
and spear! °4
Also, ye of the bow and the buskin,° praised be your peer,
Now, henceforth, and forever,--O latest to whom I upraise
Hand and heart and voice! For Athens, leave pasture and flock!
Present to help, potent to save, Pan°--patron I call!
Archons° of Athens, topped by the tettix,° see, I
See, 'tis myself here standing alive, no spectre that speaks!
Crowned with the myrtle, did you command me, Athens and you,
"Run, Pheidippides, run and race, reach Sparta for aid!
Persia has come,° we are here, where is She?" Your
command I obeyed, °13
Ran and raced: like stubble, some field which a fire runs
Was the space between city and city: two days, two nights
did I burn
Over the hills, under the dales, down pits and up peaks.
Into their midst I broke: breath served but for "Persia
Persia bids Athens proffer slaves'-tribute, water and earth°;
Razed to the ground is Eretria.°--but Athens, shall Athens
Drop into dust and die--the flower of Hellas° utterly
Die with the wide world spitting at Sparta, the stupid, the
Answer me quick,--what help, what hand do you stretch o'er
How,--when? No care for my limbs!--there's lightning in all
Fresh and fit your message to bear, once lips give it birth!"
O my Athens--Sparta love thee? did Sparta respond?
Every face of her leered in a furrow of envy, mistrust,
Malice,--each eye of her gave me its glitter of gratified
Gravely they turned to take counsel, to cast for excuses.
Quivering,--the limbs of me fretting as fire frets, an inch
from dry wood:
"Persia has come, Athens asks aid, and still they debate?
Thunder, thou Zeus! Athene, are Spartans a quarry beyond
Swing of thy spear? Phoibos° and Artemis,° clang them
'Ye must'!" °32
No bolt launched from Olumpos°! Lo, their answer at last!
"Has Persia come,--does Athens ask aid,--may Sparta befriend?
Nowise precipitate judgment--too weighty the issue at stake!
Count we no time lost time which lags thro' respect to the
Ponder that precept of old, 'No warfare, whatever the odds
In your favour, so long as the moon, half-orbed, is unable
Full-circle her state in the sky!' Already she rounds to it
Athens must wait, patient as we--who judgment suspend."
Athens,--except for that sparkle,--thy name, I had mouldered
That sent a blaze thro' my blood; off, off and away was I
--Not one word to waste, one look to lose on the false and
Yet "O Gods of my land!" I cried, as each hillock
Wood and stream, I knew, I named, rushing past them again,
"Have ye kept faith, proved mindful of honours we paid
Vain was the filleted victim, the fulsome libation! Too rash
Love in its choice, paid you so largely service so slack!
"Oak and olive and bay,--I bid you cease to en-wreathe
Brows made bold by your leaf! Fade at the Persian's foot,
You that, our patrons were pledged, should never adorn a slave!
Rather I hail thee, Parnes,°--trust to thy wild waste
Treeless, herbless, lifeless mountain! What matter if slacked
My speed may hardly be, for homage to crag and to cave
No deity deigns to drape with verdure?--at least I can breathe,
Fear in thee no fraud from the blind, no lie from the mute!"
Such my cry as, rapid, I ran over Parnes' ridge;
Gully and gap I clambered and cleared till, sudden, a bar
Jutted, a stoppage of stone against me, blocking the way.
Right! for I minded the hollow to traverse, the fissure across:
"Where I could enter, there I depart by! Night in the
Athens to aid? Tho' the dive were thro' Erebos,° thus
I obey-- °62
Out of the day dive, into the day as bravely arise! No bridge
Better!"--when--ha! what was it I came on, of wonders
There, in the cool of a cleft, sat he--majestical Pan!
Ivy drooped wanton, kissed his head, moss cushioned his hoof;
All the great God was good in the eyes grave-kindly--the curl
Carved on the bearded cheek, amused at a mortal's awe
As, under the human trunk, the goat-thighs grand I saw.
"Halt, Pheidippides!"--halt I did, my brain of a
"Hither to me! Why pale in my presence?"! he gracious
"How is it,--Athens, only in Hellas, holds me aloof?
"Athens, she only, rears me no fane, makes me no feast!
Wherefore? Than I what godship to Athens more helpful of old?
Ay, and still, and forever her friend! Test Pan, trust me!
Go bid Athens take heart, laugh Persia to scorn, have faith
In the temples and tombs! Go, say to Athens, 'The Goat-God
When Persia--so much as strews not the soil--Is cast in the
Then praise Pan who fought in the ranks with your most and
Goat-thigh to greaved-thigh, made one cause with the free
and the bold!' 80
"Say Pan saith: 'Let this, foreshowing the place, be
(Gay, the liberal hand held out this herbage I bear
--Fennel,--I grasped it a-tremble with dew--whatever it bode),
"While, as for thee..." But enough! He was gone.
If I ran hitherto--
Be sure that the rest of my journey, I ran no longer, but
Parnes to Athens--earth no more, the air was my road;
Here am I back. Praise Pan, we stand no more on the razor's
Pan for Athens, Pan for me! I too have a guerdon rare!
* * * * *
Then spoke Miltiades.° "And thee, best runner of
Whose limbs did duty indeed,--what gift is promised thyself?
Tell it us straightway,--Athens the mother demands of her
Rosily blushed the youth: he paused: but, lifting at length
His eyes from the ground, it seemed as he gathered the rest
of his strength
Into the utterance--"Pan spoke thus: 'For what thou hast
Count on a worthy reward! Henceforth be allowed thee release
From the racer's toil, no vulgar reward in praise or in pelf!'
"I am bold to believe, Pan means reward the most to
Fight I shall, with our foremost, wherever this fennel may
Pound--Pan helping us--Persia to dust, and, under the deep,
Whelm her away forever; and then,--no Athens to save,-- 100
Marry a certain maid, I know keeps faith to the brave,--
Hie to my house and home: and, when my children shall creep
Close to my knees,--recount how the God was awful yet kind,
Promised their sire reward to the full--rewarding him--so!"
* * * * *
Unforeseeing one! Yes, he fought on the Marathon day:
So, when Persia was dust, all cried "To Akropolis°!
Run, Pheidippides, one race more! the meed is thy due!
'Athens is saved, thank Pan,' go shout!" He flung down
Ran like fire once more: and the space 'twixt the Fennel-field°
And Athens was stubble again, a field which a fire runs through,
Till in he broke: "Rejoice, we conquer!" Like wine
Joy in his blood bursting his heart, he died--the bliss!
So, to this day, when friend meets friend, the word of salute
Is still "Rejoice!"--his word which brought rejoicing
So is Pheidippides happy forever,--the noble strong man
Who could race like a god, bear the face of a god, whom a
god loved so well,
He saw the land saved he had helped to save, and was suffered
Such tidings, yet never decline, but, gloriously as he began,
So to end gloriously--once to shout, thereafter be mute:
"Athens is saved!"--Pheidippides dies in the shout
for his meed. 120